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Sunday, October 24, 2010

Chinese (Simplified) Microsoft Pinyin input method editor (IME) : vẽ chữ khi không biết phiên âm pinyin

Trong bộ gõ Tiếng Trung của WinXP tích hợp sẵn chương trình vẽ chữ khi không biết phiên âm.

Cách làm: Chọn bộ gõ Tiếng Trung. Trong bộ gõ này, vào IME pad. Trong IME pad, right click vào dictionary (CH) và chọn setting. Trong ô Available Applets tìm hand writing ( zh…tw) và click vào Add để kích hoạt chương trình vẽ chữ. Bắt đầu từ đây, chúng ta có thể vẽ những chữ (bằng chuột) chúng ta không biết phiên âm được rồi. Có khi chỉ cần vẽ vài nét là chữ Trung Quốc chúng ta cần đã hiện ra. Chỉ cần chon đúng chữ đó trong rất nhiều chữ mà máy tính đưa ra là xong! (Vì máy tính đưa ra các chữ mà phù hợp với nét vẽ của ta mà!)

Chinese (Simplified) Microsoft Pinyin input method editor (IME)

Install the Chinese (Simplified) Microsoft Pinyin input method editor (IME), pretty much as directed here.

Under settings, highlight the Chinese (Simplified) Microsoft Pinyin IME:

click "Properties", and under "General", in the "Candidate option" area, select "Prompt step by step".

With the IME installed, to toggle between English and other languages, press left alt and shift simultaneously.

After you have toggled to "Chinese", you may have to customize the Chinese language bar unless it already looks like this:

If you don't have that, but instead something that looks like this:

Customize this Chinese language bar by clicking on the little downward-pointing triangle.

Select "Conversion mode" (the character 中), to able to click on that or 英 to toggle between Chinese and English.
Select "IME pad" to enable you to look up characters by handwriting recognition, radical, and number of strokes.
If you want to be able to input traditional characters, select "Charset". You'll then be able to toggle between 简 (简体字) and 繁 (繁体字).

Looking up Chinese characters by radical or handwriting recognition

When using the Chinese language bar, click on the IME pad icon, and when it opens up, click on the icon in the upper right-hand corner and under "applet's menu", select setting:

Under "change applet's menu order", add the applet for handwriting (zh-tw) for lookup by handwriting. By default, a dictionary (字典查询) is already there:

Click on the IME pad, then on the respective icon for handwriting recognition, or dictionary lookup. Note that when you point to a character under handwriting recognition lookup, the computer shows you only the Zhuyin fuhao pronunciation:

When you have found the character you want, click on it. Notice a popup window appears with the character you have selected:

To accept the character in the popup window, press enter on your keyboard or click on the "Enter" button on the "Hand Writing (zh-tw)" window. The other buttons also affect the popup window. (BS stands for backspace).

For using the dictionary, under GB2312 you can look up simplified characters only by radical (more characters including the traditional ones are available under GBK, but they are arranged by total stroke order, not radical). To find a character, in the drop-down window to the left (labelled 总笔画), select the total number of strokes (five in the example below); in the middle "radical" (部首) window, select the number of strokes in the radical (two in this example); and in the window to the right (剩余), select the remaining number of strokes (three in this example):

When you have found the character you want, click on it, and to accept it, press the enter key on the keyboard.

Note that both the handwriting window and the dictionary window can be resized.

User-defined phrase tool

Expressions that one uses frequently that are not easily accessed via the IME may be added to the "User-defined phrase tool"

1. On the Language bar, select Chinese (PRC), and then click the Context menu button.
2. On the Context menu, click User-defined phrase tool.
3. In the Microsoft Pinyin IME User-defined Phrase Tool, click Add Phrase on the Edit menu.
4. Type the phrase in the Phrase box, and the press ENTER.
5. On the File menu, click Save.
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